KONTAN.CO.ID – JAKARTA. Diabetes is very dangerous. If not treated early, diabetes can take the life of the sufferer.
Diabetes is a chronic condition that affects how the body uses the hormone insulin. The hormone insulin controls how much blood sugar, also known as glucose, is released into the cells to be used as energy.
The number of people with diabetes in Indonesia is also increasing. In 2017 Indonesia ranked 6th out of ten countries with the highest number of diabetes, namely 10.3 million patients per year in 2017.
If public awareness is still lacking about diabetes, the World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that the number of diabetes patients in Indonesia, especially type 2, will increase significantly to 16.7 million in 2045.
Diabetes can be managed by adopting a lifestyle and changing diet, or medication such as insulin. Types of diabetes Reported by The Insider, someone who has diabetes means his body can’t produce enough insulin or can’t use insulin effectively.
Insulin is needed to move blood sugar into cells, where it is stored and used as energy. Without insulin, a condition called hyperglycemia can occur.
Hyperglycemia is a condition in which blood sugar builds up in the bloodstream instead of getting into cells.
1. Type 1 diabetes
Of all cases of diabetes, only 10 percent have type 1 diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is most commonly diagnosed in children, adolescents, and young adults. Although the cause is unknown, type 1 diabetes may be caused by an autoimmune response caused by infection or other triggers.
Your body mistakenly attacks and destroys the beta cells in the pancreas that make insulin, resulting in little or no insulin being produced. There are not many risk factors for type 1 diabetes, although genetics is believed to play a role.
Editor: Barratut Taqiyyah Rafie