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share

Security that embodies a share in the capital of a stock corporation. It guarantees the owner membership rights (voting and election rights at the general assembly) and property rights (right to a share in profits, participation quota in capital increases or in the liquidation result).

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Börse

Regular market organized according to established customs. Depending on the goods being traded, one speaks z. B. of securities, securities, foreign exchange, commodity exchanges or exchanges for derivative instruments (futures exchanges).

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CEO

Anglo-Saxon abbreviations for chief executive officer, chief financial officer, chief investment officer and chief operating officer, who together make up the management team.

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CFO

Anglo-Saxon abbreviations for chief executive officer, chief financial officer, chief investment officer and chief operating officer, who together make up the management team.

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Issuer

Companies or public corporations that raise equity (shares) or debt capital (bonds) by issuing securities on the capital market (or money market). In contrast, issuers of derivatives (structured products and warrants) do not raise capital, but hedge themselves in order to take a market-neutral position and charge a fee packaged in the product.

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Funds

Assets raised through public advertising by investors for the purpose of collective capital investments, which are usually managed by the fund management company in accordance with the principle of diversification for the account of the investors. Investment funds are bought directly from the bank and increasingly also via internet platforms and, unlike ETFs, are usually not traded on the stock exchange.

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Teacher

Supreme body of an AG. In addition to the ordinary annual meeting of shareholders, extraordinary general meetings can also be called.

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Nasdaq

US stock exchange for the shares of technology companies that are not listed on the NYSE. In February 2008, Nasdaq merged with the Scandinavian joint exchange OMX.

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PS

Security that embodies a share of a company’s participation capital. Registered or bearer PSs are issued like shares against a contribution. PS include certain legally guaranteed minimum rights (especially property rights), but no voting rights. The most important example in Switzerland: Lindt & Sprüngli.

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Even

Market price or issue price that corresponds to the face value of a security. If a price is above par (ie above 100%), there is a surcharge.

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speculation

Activity aimed at taking advantage of an expected change in the market. In a narrower sense, speculation encompasses transactions in which high risks of profit and loss are entered into.

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VR

Monitors and directs the management of a company for all shareholders (via the definition of the strategy). The majority of the board members of an AG under Swiss law must have Swiss citizenship and be resident in Switzerland. The BoD consists of executive (internal) and non-executive (external) members. As part of good corporate governance, it is becoming more and more common that a significant part of the board of directors is not allowed to have any business relationship with the company. The BoD is elected by the GA.

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Board of Directors

Monitors and directs the management of a company for all shareholders (via the definition of the strategy). The majority of the board members of an AG under Swiss law must have Swiss citizenship and be resident in Switzerland. The BoD consists of executive (internal) and non-executive (external) members. As part of good corporate governance, it is becoming more and more common that a significant part of the board of directors is not allowed to have any business relationship with the company. The BoD is elected by the GA.

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