Stuttgart: The African swine fever has reached Baden-Württemberg. – Minister Peter Hauk: “We are well prepared, all necessary measures were taken immediately.” – Virus yesterday evening in samples from a fattening pig stock in the district of Emmendingen n

African swine fever Happened in Baden-Württemberg in domestic pigs – No risk to human health – Pork can be eaten without concern – Urgently comply with biosecurity measures on pig farms

“It was only a matter of time before African swine fever (ASF) reached Baden-Württemberg. The Friedrich Loeffler Institute (FLI), which is responsible for animal diseases, detected the virus yesterday evening in samples from a stock of fattening pigs in the Emmendingen district. This has established the outbreak of ASF in pigs kept in Baden-Württemberg,” said the Minister for Food, Rural Areas and Consumer Protection, Peter Hauk MdL, today, Thursday (May 26) at a digital press conference in Stuttgart.

With the support of other authorities in the state, the Emmendingen district office is carrying out the disease control measures in the outbreak operation. From May 19th until yesterday morning (Wednesday, May 25th) several pigs died in a herd of fattening pigs. The Chemical and Veterinary Investigation Office (CVUA) in Freiburg examined two dead animals to determine the cause of death. The laboratory test results gave a first indication of ASF, which the FLI then confirmed on Wednesday evening.

After several animals had already died in the farm, the remaining animals were killed on Wednesday morning (May 25) by the Emmendingen district office.

“We are currently unable to provide any information on the specific cause of the entry. The MLR is in close contact with the Friedrich Loeffler Institute (FLI). At the beginning of next week, the FLI epidemiology team will come to Baden-Württemberg and support the local authorities with the epidemiological investigations. In addition, we hope that the gene sequencing of the pathogen by the FLI will provide further information about its origin,” said Minister Hauk. “We currently have to assume that the entry was caused by human action,” explained Peter Hauk.

The authorities are now immediately setting up an exclusion zone with a minimum radius of three kilometers around the affected company and a surveillance zone with an outer radius of at least ten kilometers. These restricted areas extend to the districts of Emmendingen, Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald and the district of Ortenau.

It is forbidden to bring pigs in and out of the holdings in the exclusion zone. This also applies to markets with pigs and any gathering of pigs. This also applies to the movement of fresh meat and meat products from pigs from slaughterhouses or game processing plants. Animal by-products and liquid manure, manure and bedding from pigs may also not be taken out of the farms. Exceptions are only possible under strict conditions. Affected pet owners can contact the responsible district office.

“Because this is an outbreak in domestic pigs, there are no restrictions on crop products such as feed, straw or other agricultural products such as beef, fruit and vegetables. These may continue to be shipped,” explained Minister Hauk.

In principle, comparable provisions apply to the surveillance zone. However, there are certain simplifications in individual cases.

Hauk emphasizes that it is now a matter of monitoring to clarify whether it is a matter of local events on the farm and whether wild boars are not affected. That is why the establishment of a regular, planned search for fallen game is now the focus. “In order to make the search quick and efficient, we use teams of two, consisting of two people and a suitable dog, to systematically search the search area for possible carcasses. Tomorrow about 20 teams in Emmendingen will start the search. The search teams are flanked outside of forest areas by drone teams with thermal imaging cameras,” explained Minister Hauk. So far, these search teams have only been trained in Baden-Württemberg and have already been deployed in other areas of Germany affected by African swine fever.

In order to prevent the possible spread of the disease, all wild boar killed and injured in the districts of Offenburg, Emmendingen and Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald are serologically tested. The hunters are provided with sample kits that are evaluated by the CVUAs.

Minister Hauk points out that there has been a biosecurity project team in Baden-Württemberg since last year, which is based at the Tierseuchenkasse Baden-Württemberg and which comes to the pig farms on request and checks the biosecurity measures free of charge and advises the farms. “I therefore appeal once again to all pig farmers in the country to take advantage of this offer so that we do not get any further outbreaks of diseases in domestic pigs. Biosecurity measures must be complied with on the farms,” ​​emphasized Hauk.

African swine fever is not a zoonosis, i.e. a disease that can be transmitted from animals to humans or vice versa. There is therefore no risk to human health when eating meat that may have been contaminated.

“It’s hitting the pig farmers very hard at the moment. Various measures have led to a continuous decline in pork sales. That’s why I appeal to consumers, but above all to retailers: support the pig farmers and buy pork. There is no reason not to do this,” emphasized Minister Peter Hauk.

The state government of Baden-Württemberg has been preparing intensively for an outbreak of African swine fever for years. To this end, the MLR has defined an action plan for the prevention and control of African swine fever (ASF). “For this purpose, a permanent crisis management team was set up in the MLR, which has been meeting regularly for years, coordinates the preparations for an ASF outbreak in the country and was able to start work immediately yesterday,” said Hauk.

Minister Hauk thanks the authorities, in particular the Emmendingen District Office, as well as the Freiburg Regional Council and the Freiburg Chemical and Veterinary Investigation Office, who immediately initiated the necessary measures with the support of the Animal Disease Control Task Force at the Tübingen Regional Council and in close contact with the Ministry of Food, Rural Space and consumer protection coordinate the further procedure with each other.

Background information:
All information, questions and answers about African swine fever (ASF) are clearly arranged on the ministry’s website: http://www.mlr-bw.de/afrika-Schwinepest

African swine fever is a disease of pigs caused by a virus. The original pathogen reservoir are warthogs in Africa.

In 2007, the African swine fever pathogen was introduced into Georgia. Since then, ASF has spread to Europe via Russia and the Baltic States. So-called jump infections occurred again and again, as in the past few years in the Czech Republic, in Belgium and Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania and most recently in Italy. Now Baden-Württemberg is also affected by the animal disease on this route of spread. The pathogen is spread further by human activity.

(INFO: Ministry of Food, Rural Affairs and Consumer Protection)

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