The National Assembly voted on Saturday evening April 10, in first reading, the removal of certain domestic airlines, in case of alternatives in the course of less than 2 hours 30, after a lively debate and differences even in the majority.
This emblematic measure of climate bill aims to eliminate links between Paris (Orly) and Nantes, Lyon or Bordeaux, but provides for exceptions for connecting journeys. The Citizen’s Convention for the Climate had demanded to give up domestic lines in the event of alternatives of less than 4 hours by train, and not 2:30.
Financial support already granted to Air France
The government bill especially ratifies the existing one, since the government had forced Air France to give up the routes concerned in return for financial support in May 2020. It will prohibit competitors from rushing into the breach.
We chose 2 h 30 because 4 h it dries up often landlocked territories such as the great Massif Central… It would be unfair in terms of territorial equity, argued the Minister for Transport Jean-Baptiste Djebbari.
Outreach of parliamentarians from the South-West
But the measure sparked an outcry from parliamentarians from different sides, often elected from the South West, where Airbus is based in Toulouse, and many of its subcontractors.
PS Joël Aviragnet (Haute-Garonne) blasted the
disproportionate human cost of the device and warned against job losses in aeronautics. His colleague David Habib criticized a measure of
decrease and of
On the right, Jean-Marie Sermier and Martial Saddier (LR) denounced a measure that is coming
break an exceptional sector.
Not enough for environmentalists
Conversely, ecologists and rebels pleaded to return to the initial proposal of the Citizen’s Convention for the climate, with the threshold of 4 hours.
Mathilde Panot (LFI) criticized
empty article of the current bill. “A threshold of 4 hours would eliminate the lines
the most emitting greenhouse gases such as Paris-Nice, Paris-Toulouse and Paris-Marseille, insisted Danièle Obono (LFI).
While waiting for the decree …
A decree must specify the measure and any other lines likely to be affected such as Paris-Rennes or Lyon-Marseille.
The bill also provides for gradual carbon offsetting of domestic flights – Air France is already applying it – and a ban on the expansion of airport facilities by expropriation if they lead to an increase in emissions.