TEMPO.CO, Jakarta – Reflux stomach acid including conditions that everyone has experienced. But, what if this condition eventually triggers complications of other diseases?
This is known as gastroesophageal reflux (GERD), acid reflux can be both an acute and a chronic problem. This condition occurs when stomach acid flows from the stomach back into the esophagus, which connects the organ to the throat.
For most people, it happens occasionally. But untreated long-term chronic GERD can cause permanent damage. How can you tell if acid reflux has caused permanent damage?
The burning sensation caused by stomach acid occurs when it coats and burns the walls of the esophagus. Usually, it appears after a meal and the severity depends on how much acid flows back and how high it rises. This can include:
– a burning sensation in the chest (heartburn)
Acidic food or liquid rises to the throat or mouth
-Feels a lump in the throat
-Stomach acid can temporarily leave the sensitive esophagus after it subsides.
Persistent and untreated acid will leave permanent damage. Doctors have identified a variety of conditions, most of which are easily treatable. But some can serve as precursors to life-threatening diseases, such as cancer. Potential complications of GERD include the following: Express.
According to Harvard Health, Barrett’s esophagus is one of the most worrying GERD-related conditions and can progress to esophageal cancer. Symptoms include:
– Frequent heartburn
– Regurgitation of swallowed food or stomach acid
– Difficulty swallowing
– Chest pain (less often)
Erosive esophagitis forms when the lining of the esophagus or esophagus becomes swollen, inflamed, or irritated. Symptoms include:
– Difficulty swallowing
– Feels a lump in the throat
– The esophagus is burning
– Bleeding, either in vomit or stool (may turn stool black and mushy)
Stricture of the esophagus
Esophageal strictures develop when GERD causes the throat to tighten, restricting or blocking food. Many of the symptoms are similar to Barrett’s including a burning feeling in the neck or throat, difficulty swallowing, and a feeling of food stuck. Strictures can also prevent food from flowing into the esophagus and cause people to choke.
Teeth are common victims of GERD due to stomach acid. Acid sufferer stomach persistent ones may find teeth experiencing more wear and tear. Research has also shown an association between GERD and chronic periodontitis, suggesting it can also result from dental problems.
Although it originates in the stomach and travels through the throat, GERD can also affect the lungs. Stomach acid can also damage the lining of the airways to the lungs, causing persistent coughing and breathing problems. Asthma can also trigger GERD by changing the pressure around the chest and abdomen.