how europe changed climate in summer

The temperatures from Gijon to Cherbourg, from Albi to Paris or from Pyrgos to Marseille… The summer of 2022 had a strong impact on Western Europe.

Source AFP

On average, European cities have adopted a climate similar to those 400 km further south.
On average, European cities have adopted a climate similar to those 400 km further south.
© Jean-Marc Lallemand / MAXPPP / BELPRESS/MAXPPP

Perpignan in the furnace of Athens, Cherbourg on Spanish time… The cities of several European countries experienced in 2022 temperatures similar to the normal of cities located on average 425 kilometers further south, according to an analysis published Wednesday by the firm Callendar . The latter analyzed the temperatures of cities in Western Europe last year and compared them to normal temperatures over the period 1991 to 2020. Result: these cities suffered on average temperatures of 1.38 ° C higher than normal and similar to normal readings at locations 425 kilometers further south.

This data visible on a map show that Lille experienced temperatures equivalent to those normally recorded in Pau, Cherbourg to those of Gijon (Spain), Perpignan to those of the Athens region and Strasbourg to those of San Marino. “What these comparisons show is the extent of the anomaly that we had in 2022 and on the other hand, the titanic work that will be necessary to adapt cities to climate change”, underlines Thibault Laconde, CEO of Callendar, a company specializing in climate risk assessment, based in the Paris region.

Abnormal temperatures

“Cities are built around their historical climate and when you encounter temperatures that are so abnormal, you cannot transform Perpignan into something like Athens overnight,” he points out. “All the architecture, all the town planning, the infrastructures, even the habits of the inhabitants are to be resumed”, underlines Thibault Laconde with Agence France-Presse.READ ALSO Weather in France: 2022, a year of all records

The past eight years have been the hottest on record globally, all exceeding pre-industrial era temperatures by more than a degree, according to the latest annual report from the European climate change program Copernicus (C3S) released in January. In Europe, the continent with the fastest observed warming, 2022 ranks as the “second warmest year”, but the summer months are a new record for the entire continent.


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