Galaxies emitting ‘DNA-shaped’ matter beams spark scientists’ interest

Image of the galaxy Messier 87 EFE

The Messier 87 galaxy has a black hole at its center Extruding material flow with double helical structure Scientists have noticed that it is directed by a magnetic field that carries this shape in a 3300 light years away, which has not been observed.

study published Astrophysics Journal Letter Led by Mexican scientists and with the participation of Spain, he reported this discovery in galaxy M87, the galaxy that became famous for its supermassive black hole at its core was the first to be photographed.

Located 55 million light-years away, MS87 is much more massive than the Milky Way and emits streams of material from its center that travels at almost the speed of light and extends beyond the galaxy itself.

The jet is oriented by the presence of a magnetic field and acquires a double helical structure, the team saw, using a Karl G radio interferometer.

The images reveal that the magnetic field maintains a spiral shape at a distance of about 3,300 light-years from the supermassive black hole, a distance so far not observed in other galaxies where magnetic field formation has also been detected.

Study leader Alice Pacito, of the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM) highlighted that the material for this plane “follows a double helix, a structure very similar to the DNA molecule.”

NASA Telescope photo file

Another researcher, Jose Luis Gómez, a researcher at the Institute of Astrophysics in Andalusia (IAA-CSIC) noted that they expected the magnetic field to adopt a spiral configuration very close to the black hole and this is what allows matter to do so. . Exit is directed in a very narrow field.

What they didn’t expect, he added, was that this spiral formation remained at a distance from the galactic center, because the magnetic field would weaken with distance and lose the original spiral structure.

The team suggested that the instability inside the craft could reset the magnetic field and sustain the structure for great distances.

“If this happens in M87, it could also happen in other similar jets driven by other galaxies,” he said. Carlos Carrasco Gonzalez is a radio astronomer from UNAM.

MS87 is a galaxy relatively close to Earth and its radiation is very strong, which makes it – he added – an ideal object for detailed study, which will help understand the phenomenon of relativistic radiation, which is present in many objects. Astronomical events in the universe, not just active galaxies.

(With information from EFE)

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