Eggplant provides fiber and a variety of nutrients. Discover them!

It also contains the antioxidants lutein and zeaxanthin, which play important roles in eye health and may help prevent age-related macular degeneration.

One serving of eggplant can provide at least 5% of a person’s daily needs for fiber, copper, manganese, vitamin B-6, and thiamin. It also contains other vitamins and minerals.

In addition, eggplants are a source of phenolic compounds that act as antioxidants.

Profits:

Heart health:

The fiber, potassium, vitamin C, vitamin B-6, and antioxidants in eggplants support heart health.

A review published in 2019 suggested that eating foods containing certain flavonoids, including anthocyanins, helps reduce inflammatory markers that increase heart disease risk.

Cholesterol in the blood:

Eggplant contains fiber and this can help lower cholesterol levels. A 96-gram (g) cup of cooked eggplant cubes contains about 2.4 g of fiber.

The results of a 2014 study in rodents indicated that chlorogenic acid, a main antioxidant in eggplants, may lower levels of low-density lipoproteins, or “bad” cholesterol, and reduce the risk of developing non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.

Cancer:

Eggplant polyphenols may help protect the body from cancer. Anthocyanins and chlorogenic acid protect cells from damage caused by free radicals. In the long term, this can help prevent tumor growth and the growth of cancer cells.

Anthocyanins can help accomplish this by preventing new blood vessels from forming in the tumor, reducing inflammation, and blocking enzymes that help cancer cells spread.

Cognitive function:

Results from animal studies suggest that nasunin, an anthocyanin present in eggplant skin, may help protect brain cell membranes from free radical damage. Nasunin also helps transport nutrients to cells and remove waste.

Anthocyanins also help prevent neuroinflammation and facilitate blood flow to the brain. This could help prevent memory loss and other aspects of age-related mental decline.

Weight control:

Dietary fiber can help people control their weight. A person on a high-fiber diet is less likely to overeat, as fiber can help keep them full longer.

Eggplants contain fiber and are low in calories, so they can contribute to a healthy, low-calorie diet.

Eye health:

Eggplant also contains the antioxidants lutein and zeaxanthin. Lutein appears to play a role in eye health and may help prevent age-related macular degeneration, which can lead to vision loss in older people.

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