Doctor warns of rainy season Beware of dengue fever, revealing that in 63, 7.2 thousand dengue patients found 52 deaths.

Doctor at Maharaj Nakorn Chiang Mai Hospital People warned to beware of Aedes mosquitoes carrying dengue virus causing dengue fever. Epidemic during the rainy season, found in 63, there are many patients and deaths from dengue fever. Yan currently does not have this type of antiviral drug. Emphasize that every family should protect themselves by eliminating mosquito breeding sites.

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Tawitiya Sucharirak, M.D., Lecturer of Infectious Diseases Department of Pediatrics Faculty of Medicine Chiang Mai University revealed that “dengue fever is caused by 4 strains of dengue virus, namely DENV-1, DENV-2, DENV-3 DENV-4, with a female Aedes mosquito as a vector. In Thailand, there are 2 types of Aedes mosquitoes, which are the house mosquitoes and the garden mosquitoes. If you are infected with one of these strains, you will be immune to that strain for life. Usually, Aedes mosquitoes do not carry the dengue virus. But when the mosquito bites a person who is sick with dengue fever. Mosquitoes can get dengue virus. And when this mosquito flies to bite a new person It will immediately release the dengue virus into another person. The disease can be transmitted from person to person by mosquitoes as a vector. According to statistics from the Department of Disease Control, Ministry of Public Health, in 2020, there were 72,000 cases of dengue fever, of which 52 died, which is higher than the target set by the Ministry of Health.

Dengue fever has an incubation period of about 1 week, and then the patient begins to have symptoms divided into 3 stages: stage 1, high fever 39-41 degrees Celsius, headache, eye pain, muscle pain, bone pain. Gastrointestinal tract: rash, bleeding spots along the body if there is thrombocytopenia, stage 2 crisis is caused by the loss of stability of the capillary walls causing the plasma in the blood vessels to leak out of the veins. Patients will have low blood pressure. Bleeding may be abnormally prone to shock. or death, Phase 3, the recovery phase. This stage, the patient will begin to return to eating. start to have an appetite Urine starts to come out a lot. There is a red rash with a white spot in the middle. and itching a lot If we find a patient with these symptoms, it means that the patient is in the recovery phase.”

Lecturer of Infectious Diseases continued, “In the diagnosis of dengue fever, If the patient is present in the early stages of fever, most of the time, the doctor will test for the antigen in combination with laboratory tests. But if the patient comes to see a doctor within 5 days after having a fever, a lymphatic examination will be used. to confirm antibodies to dengue virus disease And there is currently no specific antiviral drug for the treatment of dengue fever. The doctor will treat the symptoms. If it is in a critical period, the doctor will give fluid replacements to prevent the patient from developing shock. Or, blood or blood products may be added according to the stage of the disease.

One dengue vaccine is currently available for use in children aged 9 years and over to adults aged 45, but it is important to prevent mosquito bites. not let us infect dengue virus Wear long sleeves, long pants, and spray mosquito repellent. Eliminate mosquito breeding grounds Using abate sand to destroy Aedes larvae will break the cycle of mosquito infestation of all kinds.”

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