Criminalization of abortion | A second law deemed unconstitutional in Mexico

(Mexico City) The Mexican Supreme Court on Thursday declared unconstitutional a law equating abortion with murder and considering that life is created from the act of conception, two days after a similar judgment, paving the way for national jurisprudence.

On Tuesday, in a landmark decision, she ruled unconstitutional articles of the Penal Code of the state of Coahuila, in the north of the country, which punish women who have abortions with sentences of up to three years in prison.

The country’s highest court on Thursday examined another article of law, from the state of Sinaloa, still in northern Mexico.

“It does not belong to any local legislature, nor to this plenary assembly to determine the origin of human life, especially in the absence of scientific consensus”, stated the judge Alfred Gutierrez Ortiz Mena, former minister who developed the project. law in question.

In 2007, when Mexico City legalized abortion before 12 weeks, the legislators of at least 10 of the 32 states of the country voted contrary to the legal provisions obliging the authorities to “protect life from conception”.

Mexico is a federated country where the states are autonomous in the adoption of their laws, but these can be invalidated by means of an appeal when they contravene decisions of the Supreme Court which make jurisprudence, such as this one. Tuesday.

This decision should allow women who live in states where abortion is criminalized to have access to abortion by decision of a judge.

In Latin America, voluntary termination of pregnancy is legal in Uruguay, Cuba or Argentina. It is totally banned in El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Dominican Republic and Haiti.

Mexico’s Supreme Court also announced Thursday that it has set up free counseling and advocacy services for women who may be convicted of having abortions.

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