We hear about her every day, and even in all sauces, one day she would save humanity the next day she would put an end to it, who or what is it… Artificial intelligence, an expression that l could be described as an oxymoron, represents an immense challenge for mankind. It is now very difficult to fully define what artificial intelligence is. Moreover, some even speak of several levels of artificial intelligence. A computer science researcher specializing in complex systems, Nazim Fatès is an Inria research fellow on complex systems in the Loria laboratory in Nancy.
Nazim Fatès takes a scientific and philosophical look at artificial intelligence, which he describes as a real paradox. “Spontaneously, intelligence is drawn towards the living. This seems to combine badly with the word “artificial”. It’s a bit of a marketing expression,” explains the researcher. Alan Turing was one of the pioneers of artificial intelligence by developing, from 1936, a thought experiment called “Turing machine” based on programming calculations.
The new momentum of artificial intelligence
Artificial intelligence has since obviously made exponential progress, especially from 2012. Indeed, it was thought before that that the fields of artificial intelligence were limited to certain categories of problems. However, to take the example of the gaming domain, the Internet giants began to design machines that played with a real global vision of the game, like human beings. This new impetus of artificial intelligence has been made possible by all Internet users surfing the web.
Should we therefore fear this new momentum of artificial intelligence in which we are caught today? “It’s a colossal challenge to which no one has an answer today”, slips Nazim Fatès. In professions where work is highly automated, how can we not imagine that humans will one day be replaced by machines? Not according to the Lorraine researcher, who sees in the machine an opportunity to relieve Man, as long as we keep the humanity that characterizes us.