Jakarta, CNN Indonesia –
The answer is yes. The activity of kissing can be a medium for disease transmission.
“There are STDs that can be spread through nonsexual contact [seperti berciuman], some are spread through sexual contact, “said obstetrician and gynecologist, Martha Rac, quoted Health.
Experts say the risk of transmission through kissing is smaller than penetrative sex. Lip -to -lip kisses occupy the greatest risk than other kisses such as on the cheeks, eyebrows, or eyes.
What diseases may be transmitted through kissing?
1. Oral herpes (HSV-1)
Herpes is a PMS caused by a virus. Citing a page WHOThere are two types of herpes, namely Herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) and Herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2). The most common herpes spread through kissing the lips is HSV-1. HSV-1 can cause oral herpes (oral herpes).
Oral herpes can cause symptoms such as blisters around the mouth or no symptoms at all. Most people get HSV-1 as children or young adults.
“The greatest risk of transmission is when there are active lesions [luka di mulut], “said Rac.
2. Herpes genital (HSV-2)
HSV-2 usually causes genital herpes. However, this virus can also cause cold sores.
“Sometimes if you have oral sex, you can be exposed to HSV-2 around your mouth,” says obstetrician and gynecologist Christine Greves.
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) or cytomegalovirus is a virus that will stay in the body for life when infected once.
Quoting Mayo Clinic, most people are not aware of CMV that is in their body. This viral infection rarely causes specific problems in healthy people.
CMV spreads from body fluids such as blood, saliva, urine, semen and breast milk. There is no medicine that can cure this infection. Medicines are only given to treat the symptoms that arise.
CMV will be very dangerous for pregnant women because it can pass on to their babies. Babies can be born prematurely, have low body weight, yellow skin, impaired liver function, pneumonia, seizures, and abnormalities in the head.
Syphilis can be transmitted through contact with wounds. These sores are located around the penis, vagina, anus, rectum, lips, or mouth.
The symptoms of syphilis will depend on how severe the infection is. Some cases of syphilis can cause symptoms such as sores, pain, skin rash, swollen lymph nodes, and fever.
However, Greves said, syphilis of the mouth is less common than syphilis that occurs in other intimate areas.
(the / asr)